The Adventure of the German Student

  • 作   者:

    Washington Irving

  • 译   者:

    中国石油大学 许铌娜

  • 出版社:

    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:


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华盛顿•欧文是美国文学史上第一个在欧洲获得声誉的作家,被誉为“新世界派往旧世界的第一位文学大使。” 《德国大学生的奇遇》选自欧文旅居英国和欧洲大陆期间写成的脍炙人口的佳作《游客谈》。同《聊斋志异》一样,小说以鬼怪和民间传说为题材,通过简练生动的环境描写,着意渲染了一种神秘甚至恐怖的气氛,同时将“绝世佳人”女鬼和德国学生的奇遇刻画得淋漓尽致。小说在艺术上具有浓厚的浪漫色彩,同时也表现了作者对社会现实一定的批判态度。



Washington Irving (April 3, 1783—November 28, 1859) was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories The Legend of Sleepy Hollow and Rip Van Winkle, both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. Irving also served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846. Irving perfected the American short story, and was the first American writer to place his stories firmly in the United States, even as he poached from German or Dutch folklore. He is also generally credited as one of the first to write both in the vernacular, and without an obligation to the moral or didactic in his short stories, writing stories simply to entertain rather than to enlighten. The themes of his short stories are usually originated from local folklore and ghost stories of Europe.


It was of a female face of transcendent beauty.So strong was the impression it made, that he dreamt of it again and again.It haunted his thoughts by day, his slumbers by night; in fine, he became passionately enamoured of this shadow of a dream.This lasted so long that it became one of those fixed ideas which haunt the minds of melancholy men, and are at times mistaken for madness.




America's first genuine internationally best-selling author

Irving is largely credited as the first American Man of Letters.

His friend, the poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, acknowledged Irving's role in promoting American literature: "We feel a just pride in his renown as an author, not forgetting that, to his other claims upon our gratitude, he adds also that of having been the first to win for our country an honorable name and position in the History of Letters".

As George William Curtis noted, there "is not a young literary aspirant in the country, who, if he ever personally met Irving, did not hear from him the kindest words of sympathy, regard, and encouragement."

  • 德国学生的奇遇

  • The Adventure of the German Student