佛罗伦萨史(七)
History of Florench and of the Affairs of Italy

  • 作   者:

    尼科洛·马基雅维利
    Niccolo Machiavelli

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥5.90

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科斯莫的孙子洛伦佐是文艺复兴时期最重要的艺术赞助者,很大程度上说,文艺复兴的黄金时期,正是因为洛伦佐的豪奢。

本书是文艺复兴时期意大利资产阶级政治思想家马基雅维利的主要人文主义历史学著作之一。第七卷记叙了公元1453—1476年的对外关系,以及威尼斯战争、米兰人的阴谋。

This less-famous work of Machiavelli depicts a medieval Florence, a city garnished with both classical vestiges and Renaissance innovations, a city identified with arts and wealth, a city known for a family -- the Medici family. While the book covered the history of Florence from its very Roman beginning, the main discussion begins with the year 1215, when the Guelphs and the Ghibellines went to war (Interestingly, 1215 was also the year when the celebrated Magna Carta was signed), and ended in the year 1492, when Lorenzo de'Medici, then Lord of Florence, died (Interestingly, this event which Machiavelli considered the beginning of the downfall of Florence, happened in the year when Christopher Columbus discovered the Americas)Machiavelli is undoubtedly known for his masterpiece, the Prince, which makes it hard for people to look at this book without thinking about the other. The fact is that Machiavelli not only expressed much of the same idea in this book, he also used extensive historical figures and events as powerful references to his theories. For instance, the aforementioned Lorenzo de'Medici was, to Machiavelli, an almost perfect example of an ideal politician.

尼科洛·马基雅维利(1469-1527),意大利政治思想家和历史学家。其思想常被概括为马基雅维利主义。在中世纪后期政治思想家中,他第一个明显地摆脱了神学和伦理学的束缚,为政治学和法学开辟了走向独立学科的道路。他主张国家至上,将国家权力作为法的基础。代表作《君主论》主要论述为君之道、君主应具备哪些条件和本领、应该如何夺取和巩固政权等。他是名符其实的近代政治思想的主要奠基人之一。

Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, humanist, and writer of the Renaissance period.He has often been called the father of modern political science.He was for many years a senior official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs.

The people who inhabit the northern parts beyond the Rhine and the Danube, living in a healthy and prolific region, frequently increase to such vast multitudes that part of them are compelled to abandon their native soil, and seek a habitation in other countries. The method adopted, when one of these provinces had to be relieved of its superabundant population, was to divide into three parts, each containing an equal number of nobles and of people, of rich and of poor.

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