道德形而上学的奠基
Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals

  • 作   者:

    伊曼努尔·康德
    Immanuel Kant

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 电子书:

    ¥8.90

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康德道德哲学最重要的著作之一

《道德形而上学的奠基》是伊曼努尔•康德的第一部成熟的道德哲学著作,并且仍然是该领域最有影响力的作品之一。康德旨在揭示道德的基本原理,并表明它适用于我们。这个观点的核心是康德所指的绝对命令的作用,即一个人必须只按照他或她愿意的普遍规律的规则行事的概念。他提供了一个开创性的论点,即行动的正确性取决于一个人选择采取行动的原则。

Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals is the first of Immanuel Kant's mature works on moral philosophy and remains one of the most influential in the field. Kant purposes to lay bare the fundamental principle of morality and show that it applies to us. Central to the work is the role of what Kant refers to as the categorical imperative, the concept that one must act only according to that precept which he or she would will to become a universal law. He provides a groundbreaking argument that the rightness of an action is determined by the principle that a person chooses to act upon.

伊曼努尔•康德(Immanuel Kant)是德国哲学家和启蒙运动的中心思想家之一。康德在认识论、形而上学、伦理学和美学方面的全面理解和系统著作使他成为西方现代哲学中最有影响力的人物之一。康德相信理性也是道德的源泉,美学产生于公正判断的能力。康德的观点对当代哲学产生重大影响,尤其是在认识论、伦理学、政治理论和后现代美学领域。

Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher and one of the central Enlightenment thinkers. Kant's comprehensive and systematic works in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, and aesthetics have made him one of the most influential figures in modern Western philosophy. Kant believed that reason is also the source of morality, and that aesthetics arise from a faculty of disinterested judgment. Kant's views continue to have a major influence on contemporary philosophy, especially the fields of epistemology, ethics, political theory, and post-modern aesthetics.

In fact, it is absolutely impossible to make out by experience with complete certainty a single case in which the maxim of an action, however right in itself, rested simply on moral grounds and on the conception of duty. Sometimes it happens that with the sharpest self-examination we can find nothing beside the moral principle of duty which could have been powerful enough to move us to this or that action and to so great a sacrifice; yet we cannot from this infer with certainty that it was not really some secret impulse of self-love, under the false appearance of duty, that was the actual determining cause of the will. We like them to flatter ourselves by falsely taking credit for a more noble motive; whereas in fact we can never, even by the strictest examination, get completely behind the secret springs of action; since, when the question is of moral worth, it is not with the actions which we see that we are concerned, but with those inward principles of them which we do not see.

  • PREFACE
  • FIRST SECTION
  • SECOND SECTION
  • THIRD SECTION
  • Concluding Remark
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