道德
The Ethics

  • 作   者:

    斯宾诺莎
    Benedict de Spinoza

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 电子书:

    ¥4.90

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自嘲为最高贵最可爱的哲学家,带你填补智慧的缺陷。

Benedict de Spinoza's Ethics, first published in 1677, constitutes a major systematic critique of the traditional and religious foundations of philosophical thought. In it, Spinoza follows a logical step-by-step format consisting of definitions, axioms, propositions, proofs, and corollaries to create a comprehensive inquiry into the truth about God, nature, and humans' place within the universe. From these broad metaphysical themes, Spinoza derives what he considered to be the highest principles of religion and society and lays out an ethical system in which reason is the supreme value. A seminal contribution to 17th-century rationalism, Spinoza's Ethics refutes the dualism of René Descartes and provides a bridge between religion and modern-day psychology. This edition is the translation by R. H. M. Elwes.

此书描写了深刻美好而又见解独到的全世界,斯宾诺莎的此书是启蒙时期哲学方面的杰作之一。这套企鹅经典是从拉丁语翻译并编辑过来的。此作品在作者去世不久后出版,无疑是作者最为伟大最为优雅的作品,这部作品影响到了十九世纪,激励了浪漫时期的诗人。拉塞尔说:“他是最高贵最可爱的伟大的哲学家……他在道德上是至高无上的”。

A profoundly beautiful and uniquely insightful description of the universe, Benedict de Spinoza's Ethics is one of the masterpieces of Enlightenment-era philosophy. This Penguin Classics edition is edited and translated from the Latin. The Ethics is undoubtedly Spinoza's greatest work - an elegant, fully cohesive cosmology derived from first principles, providing a coherent picture of reality, and a guide to the meaning of an ethical life. Ethics was published in 1677 after his death, and his influence spread to the nineteenth century: inspiring the Romantic poets. If you enjoyed Ethics, you might like Rene Descartes' Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings, also available in Penguin Classics. 'The noblest and most lovable of the great philosophers ... ethically he is supreme' Bertrand Russell.

巴鲁赫·德·斯宾诺莎(Baruch de Spinoza,公元1632年11月24日-公元1677年2月21日),犹太裔荷兰籍哲学家。近代西方哲学公认的三大理性主义者之一,与笛卡尔和莱布尼茨齐名。斯宾诺莎出生阿姆斯特丹的一个从西班牙逃往荷兰的犹太家庭。年轻时进入培养拉比的宗教学校,在艰难的生活条件下,他仍然坚持哲学和科学的研究,他的思想通过通信方式传播到欧洲各地,赢得人们的尊重。1677年不幸死于肺痨,享年45岁。他的主要著作有《笛卡尔哲学原理》、《神学政治论》、《伦理学》、《知性改进论》等。

Baruch Spinoza (/bəˈruːk spɪˈnoʊzə/;born Benedito de Espinosa; 24 November 1632 – 21 February 1677, later Benedict de Spinoza) was a Dutch philosopher of Sephardi Portuguese origin.The breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until many years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism,including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes' mind–body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers. In the Ethics, "Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely."Hegel said, "You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all." His philosophical accomplishments and moral character prompted 20th-century philosopher Gilles Deleuze to name him "the 'prince' of philosophers".

I.By that which is 'self-caused' I mean that of which the essence involves existence, or that of which the nature is only conceivable as existent.

II.A thing is called 'finite after its kind' when it can be limited by another thing of the same nature; for instance, a body is called finite because we always conceive another greater body. So, also, a thought is limited by another thought, but a body is not limited by thought, nor a thought by body.

III.By 'substance' I mean that which is in itself, and is conceived through itself: in other words, that of which a conception can be formed independently of any other conception.

  • PART I CONCERNING GOD
  • PART II ON THE NATURE AND ORIGIN OF THE MIND
  • PART III ON THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE EMOTIONS
  • PART IV Of Human Bondage, or the Strength of the Emotions
  • PART V Of the Power of the Understanding, or of Human Freedom
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