物种起源
The Origin of Species

  • 作   者:

    达尔文
    Charles Robert Darwin

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥3.90

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“物竞天择,适者生存”,19世纪最具争议的著作。

This book is about the evolutionary theory, written for non-specialist readers and attracted widespread interest upon its publication. With the development of the modern evolutionary synthesis in the 1930s and 1940s, Darwin's concept of evolutionary adaptation through natural selection became central to modern evolutionary theory, and it has now become the unifying concept of the life sciences.

《物种起源》论述生物进化的重要著作,出版于1859年11月24日。该书大概是19世纪最具争议的著作,其中的观点大多数为当今的科学界普遍接受。在该书中,达尔文首次提出了进化论的观点。他使用自己在1830年代环球科学考察中积累的资料,达尔文试图证明物种的演化是通过自然选择(天择)和人工选择(人择)的方式实现的。

On the Origin of Species, published on 24 November 1859, is a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin which is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. Darwin's book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over the course of generations through a process of natural selection. It presented a body of evidence that the diversity of life arose by common descent through a branching pattern of evolution. Darwin included evidence that he had gathered on the Beagle expedition in the 1830s and his subsequent findings from research, correspondence, and experimentation

查尔斯·罗伯特·达尔文(1809年2月-1882年4月)是英国生物学家、进化论的奠基人。曾经乘坐贝格尔号舰作了历时5年的环球航行,对动植物和地质结构等进行了大量的观察和采集。出版《物种起源》,提出了生物进化论学说,从而摧毁了各种唯心的神造论以及物种不变论。除了生物学外,他的理论对人类学、心理学、哲学的发展都有不容忽视的影响。恩格斯将“进化论”列为21世纪自然科学的三大发现之一(其他两个是细胞学说、能量守恒转化定律),对人类有杰出的贡献。

Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to evolutionary theory. He established that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors, and in a joint publication with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this branching pattern of evolution resulted from a process that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for existence has a similar effect to the artificial selection involved in selective breeding.

My work is now nearly finished; but as it will take me two or three more years to complete it, and as my health is far from strong, I have been urged to publish this Abstract. I have more especially been induced to do this, as Mr Wallace, who is now studying the natural history of the Malay archipelago, has arrived at almost exactly the same general conclusions that I have on the origin of species.

  • Introduction

  • Chapter 1—Variation Under Domestication

  • Chapter 2—Variation Under Nature

  • Chapter 3—Struggle for Existence

  • Chapter 4—Natural Selection

  • Chapter 5—Laws of Variation

  • Chapter 6—Difficulties on Theory

  • Chapter 7—Instinct

  • Chapter 8—Hybridism

  • Chapter 9—On the Imperfection of the Geological Record

  • Chapter 10—On The Geological Succession of Organic Beings

  • Chapter 11—Geographical Distribution

  • Chapter 12—Geographical Distribution continued

  • Chapter 13—Mutual Affinities of Organic Beings: Morphology: Embryology: Rudimentary Organs

  • Chapter 14—Recapitulation and Conclusion

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