哲学的改造
Reconstruction in Philosophy

  • 作   者:

    (美)约翰•杜威
    John Dewey

  • 译   者:

    陈清贵 胡志国 译魏全凤 赵世人 审校

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 支   持:

  • 电子书:

    ¥19.90

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实用主义哲学的经典之作,走进实用主义的理论大厦。

《哲学的改造》一书是以讲座的形式写成的,不那么枯燥。它从科学方法论的历史、自然科学的发展,以及科学真理与人生价值之间的矛盾等方面,寻找哲学改造的可能性和必然性,寻找他的哲学发展的生长点,并提出哲学改造的任务。作者力图把他的哲学同美国工业化进程中的生活与经济紧密联系起来,使哲学成为实用的哲学,这反映了美国资产阶级追求实际利益的需要。

Written as lectures, Reconstruction in Philosophy is less dry than other philosophical tracts. The author tried to link his philosophy thought with the life and economy in the process of American industrialization and make it practical, which reflected the need of American bourgeoisie to pursue practical interests. He argued that our philosophical constructions are not based in reason, but only use higher thinking to justify themselves, and that we might find better ways of living if we examine our deepest beliefs and feelings with an eye toward their ultimate effects on us and others.

约翰·杜威(1859-1952)是美国哲学家、心理学家和教育改革家,被认为是二十世纪上半叶美国最杰出的学者之一。他是实用主义哲学的集大成者,实用主义的思维方式从根本上塑造了他的观点;他也是机能主义心理学和现代教育学的奠基人之一。他的著作丰富,涉及科学、艺术、政治、教育、社会学、历史学和经济学等诸多方面。杜威作品中压倒一切的主题是他对民主的深刻信念,他的思想对教育和社会改革产生了重要影响。

John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform. He was an important early developer of the pragmatism and one of the founders of functional psychology, as well as a major representative of progressive education and liberalism. Although Dewey is known best for his publications concerning education, he also wrote about many other topics, including science, art, politics, sociology, history and economics.

人不同于低等动物,因为人会保存过去的经验。过去发生的事能再现于记忆之中。对过去类似事情的回想,如云雾一般罩着今天正在进行的事。动物的经验随生随灭,每次新的行动、新的感受都孤立存在。人类世界却不同,其中任何事情都有过去事情的回响与追念,每一事物都让人想到其他事物。

Man differs from the lower animals because he preserves his past experiences. What happened in the past is lived again in memory. About what goes on today hangs a cloud of thoughts concerning similar things undergone in bygone days. With the animals, an experience perishes as it happens, and each new doing or suffering stands alone. But man lives in a world where each occurrence is charged with echoes and reminiscences of what has gone before, where each event is a reminder of other things.

  • 前言

  • 第一章 变化中的哲学概念

  • 第二章 哲学改造中的几个历史因素

  • 第三章 哲学改造中的科学因素

  • 第四章 变化了的经验与理性概念

  • 第五章 理想与现实:变化了的概念

  • 第六章 逻辑改造的意义

  • 第七章 道德观念的改造

  • 第八章 影响社会哲学的改造

  • Prefatory Note

  • Chapter IChanging Conceptions of Philosophy

  • Chapter IISome Historical Factors in Philosophical Reconstruction

  • Chapter IIIThe Scientific Factor in Reconstruction of Philosophy

  • Chapter IVChanged Conceptions of Experience and Reason

  • Chapter VChanged Conceptions of the Ideal and the Real

  • Chapter VIThe Significance of Logical Reconstruction

  • Chapter VIIReconstruction in Moral Conceptions

  • Chapter VIIIReconstruction as Affecting Social Philosophy

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