• 导读
  • 跟随大师的脚步,探索艺术的源泉。

    Tolstoy cites the time, effort, public funds, and public respect spent on art and artists as well as the imprecision of general opinions on art as reason for writing the book. In his words, "it is difficult to say what is meant by art, and especially what is good, useful art, art for the sake of which we might condone such sacrifices as are being offered at its shrine".

    Throughout the book Tolstoy demonstrates an "unremitting moralism", evaluating artworks in light of his radical Christian ethics, and displaying a willingness to dismiss accepted masters, including Wagner, Shakespeare, and Dante, as well as the bulk of his own writings.

    Having rejected the use of beauty in definitions of art (see aesthetic theory), Tolstoy conceptualises art as anything that communicates emotion: "Art begins when a man, with the purpose of communicating to other people a feeling he once experienced, calls it up again within himself and expresses it by certain external signs".

    This view of art is inclusive: "jokes", "home decoration", and "church services" may all be considered art as long as they convey feeling. It is also amoral: "[f]eelings … very bad and very good, if only they infect the reader … constitute the subject of art".

    Tolstoy also notes that the "sincerity" of the artist—that is, the extent to which the artist "experiences the feeling he conveys"—influences the infection.

  • 内容简介
  • 本书为大文豪托尔斯泰所著,内容虽涉猎繁杂.但其最核心的问题始终是:什么是艺术。对于这个看似简单而老套的问题,托尔斯泰提出了他的观点。在他眼里.很多最经典最伟大的作品是坏的艺术,甚至不是艺术,而按照他的判断体系,我们的确可以得到与他相同的结论。托尔斯泰的观点触及了艺术最根本的本质,从这些犀利和深刻的言语中,我们的艺术观将接受一次醍醐灌顶般的洗礼。

    What is Art? (Russian: Что такое искусство? Chto takoye iskusstvo?) is a book by Leo Tolstoy. It was completed in Russian in 1897 but first published in the English due to difficulties with the Russian censors.

  • 作者简介
  • 列夫•尼古拉耶维奇•托尔斯泰,是19世纪末20世纪初俄国最伟大的文学家,也是世界文学史上最杰出的作家之一,他的文学作品在世界文学中占有十分重要的地位。在群星璀璨的俄罗斯文学的黄金时代,有两位是最为代表性的“双星”,正如有人所说“陀思妥耶夫斯基则代表了俄罗斯文学的深度,托尔斯泰代表了俄罗斯文学的广度。”代表作有长篇小说《战争与和平》《安娜•卡列尼娜》《童年》以及《复活》。其它作品还有《一个绅士的早晨》、《哥萨克》、《高加索的俘虏》《塞瓦斯托波尔故事集》等。他也创作了大量童话,他的童话受许多儿童喜爱。他以自己一生的辛勤创作,登上了当时欧洲批判现实主义文学的高峰。他还以自己有力的笔触和卓越的艺术技巧辛勤创作了“世界文学中第一流的作品”,因此被列宁称颂为具有“最清醒的现实主义”的“天才艺术家”。

    Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й; 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), also known as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, playwright and philosopher who primarily wrote novels and short stories. Tolstoy was a master of realistic fiction and is widely considered one of the greatest novelists of all time. He is best known for two long novels, War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877). Tolstoy first achieved literary acclaim in his 20s with his semi-autobiographical trilogy of novels, Childhood, Boyhood, and Youth (1852–1856) and Sevastopol Sketches (1855), based on his experiences in the Crimean War. His fiction output also includes two additional novels, dozens of short stories, and several famous novellas, including The Death of Ivan Ilyich, Family Happiness, and Hadji Murad. In addition to novels and short stories, he also wrote plays and philosophical essays on Christianity, nonviolent resistance, art and pacifism.

    Tolstoy is equally known for his complicated and paradoxical persona and for his extreme moralistic and ascetic views, which he adopted after a moral crisis and spiritual awakening in the 1870s, after which he also became noted as a moral thinker, social reformer, and Georgist. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him in later life to become a fervent Christian anarchist and anarcho-pacifist. His ideas on nonviolent resistance, expressed in such works as The Kingdom of God Is Within You, were to have a profound impact on such pivotal twentieth-century figures as Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr., and James Bevel.

  • 目录
    • Introduction
    • The Author’s Preface
    • Chapter I
    • Chapter II
    • Chapter III
    • Chapter IV
    • Chapter V
    • Chapter VI
    • Chapter VII
    • Chapter VIII
    • Chapter IX
    • Chapter X
    • Chapter XI
    • Chapter XII
    • Chapter XIII
    • Chapter XIV
    • Chapter XV
    • Chapter XVI
    • Chapter XVII
    • Chapter XVIII
    • Chapter XIX
    • Chapter XX The Conclusion
    • 书评 写书评
      • Metaphysics



        非常精彩!前面的Introduction开门见山,总叙艺术发展的基本问题,可读性强,通俗易懂。为后面理解本书铺平了路。;“Great works of art are only great because they are accessible and comprehensible to everyone.”这句真……展开↓

      • Grocery




      • Annie



        I agree with Toystol in his reasoning of the relationship between science and art, and in that art should not serve as a kind of entertainment or cater to……展开↓

    • 笔记
      • 笔记加载中...