威廉·菲普斯爵士
Sir William Phips

  • 作   者:

    纳撒尼尔·霍桑
    Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • 译   者:

    中国政法大学 石伟东

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 电子书:¥2.90
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  •   读后感(1)

纳撒尼尔•霍桑是美国19世纪影响最大的浪漫主义小说家和心理小说家,他的笔锋表面温和而实质犀利,他的作品想象丰富、结构严谨,常以暴露黑暗、讽刺邪恶、揭示真理为主题。霍桑的短篇小说《威廉•菲普斯爵士》简要讲述了威廉•菲普斯爵士从小到大的传奇经历,作者只选取了一些特定场景,笔触犀利深刻,让人深思,同时又充满讽刺和鞭笞,发人深省。

在小说《威廉•菲普斯爵士》中,作者从三个方面描述了威廉·菲普斯爵士前半生和后半生的不同境遇。小说开头描述了他成长的环境——肯纳贝克河口附近的一个边疆小村,在清教徒的管辖下,那里的政府无能,道德败坏;随后作者描述了威廉·菲普斯爵士在海上发财致富、而后又加官进爵的经过;最后,作者向我们展示了威廉·菲普斯爵士一天的生活状态,和三位黑衣长者商讨事宜、与一位昔日玩伴开心交谈、同一位舰长大打出手、而后主持宴会并检阅军队。

纳撒尼尔•霍桑(1804年7月4日—1864年5月19日)。19世纪前半期美国最伟大的小说家。 美国心理分析小说的第一人,因深受家庭和清教徒思想的影响在其作品中更多地反映人心深处的恶。其代表作品有:短篇小说集《古宅青苔》、《重讲一遍的故事》等,长篇小说《红字》、《带七个尖顶的阁楼》、《福谷传奇》、《玉石人像》等。这些都是世界文学史上不可多得的经典名著。其代表作品《红字》已成为世界文学的经典之一。

Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804—May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer. Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral allegories with a Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic Movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his friend Franklin Pierce. His short story collections include Twice-Told Tales and Mosses from an Old Manse. His novels include The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables. The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. It has become one of the classics in the world's literature.

每一处清教徒的居留地,都是嵌进新大陆的旧世界。就像是吉迪恩手中的羊毛,从未被露水打湿:虽然被大漠的风沙吹来吹去,却没受到任何野蛮的摧残。但是缅因州和新罕布什尔州的第一批移民却完全是出于世俗的目的才搬过来的:他们的政府软弱无能,优柔寡断,时而名义上与邻近的殖民地联合,时而又宣告不安稳的独立。

Each settlement of the Pilgrims was a little piece of the Old World inserted into the New.It was like Gideon’s fleece, unwet with dew: the desert wind that breathed over it left none of its wild influences there.But the first settlers of Maine and New Hampshire were led thither entirely by carnal motives: their governments were feeble, uncertain, sometimes nominally annexed to their sister colonies, and sometimes asserting a troubled independence.

霍桑是心理小说的开创者,擅长剖析人的“内心”。他着重探讨道德和罪恶的问题,主张通过善行和自忏来洗刷罪恶、净化心灵,从而得到拯救。然而霍桑并非全写黑暗,他在揭露社会罪恶和人的劣根性的同时,对许多善良的主人公寄予极大的同情。

霍桑描写黑暗的巨大力量,是由于受到加尔文派教义关于与生俱来的堕落与原罪思想的影响。没有一位思想深邃的人能完全摆脱这种思想所发生的各种形式的影响。——梅尔维尔

霍桑的小说“属于艺术的最高层次,一种服从于非常崇高级别的天才的艺术。”——爱伦·坡

Nathaniel Hawthorne's reputation as a writer is a very pleasing fact, because his writing is not good for anything, and this is a tribute to the man.—Ralph Waldo Emerson

The fine thing in Hawthorne is that he cared for the deeper psychology, and that, in his way, he tried to become familiar with it.—Henry James

The style of Hawthorne is purity itself. His tone is singularly effective—wild, plaintive, thoughtful, and in full accordance with his themes... We look upon him as one of the few men of indisputable genius to whom our country has as yet given birth.—Edgar Allan Poe

  • 威廉·菲普斯爵士
  • Sir William Phips
  • 威廉的故事

    实际上,我在一开始读这部短篇小说时并不能很是理解这部小说所要表达的主题与内涵。甚至现在再读一遍,也不能很清晰地理清这部作品的头绪。作品主要从不同方面记叙了威廉爵士的人生的三个不同阶段。在小说的开头交代了威廉爵士小时候的成长环境。随后,向读者展示了威廉爵士海上发家致富,然后又加官进爵的事迹。在这部作品中,主要还是向我……展开↓

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