共产党宣言(英文版)
The Communist Manifesto, Manifesto of the Communist Party

  • 作   者:

    马克思、恩格斯
    Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    英文

  • 电子书:

    ¥7.90

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The Communist Manifesto (officially Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political manifesto by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that laid out the programme of the Communist League. Originally published in German (as Manifest der kommunistischen Partei) just as the revolutions of 1848 began to erupt, the Manifesto has since been recognized as one of the world's most influential political manuscripts. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, rather than a prediction of communism's potential future forms.

The Communist Manifesto contains Marx and Engels' theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism, and then finally communism.

《共产党宣言》第一次阐述了科学社会主义理论,指出共产主义运动已成为不可抗拒的历史潮流。构成《宣言》核心的基本原理是:每一历史时代主要的生产方式与交换方式以及必然由此产生的社会结构,是该时代政治的和精神的历史所赖以确立的基础,并且只有从这一基础出发,历史才能得到说明。从原始社会解体以来人类社会的全部历史都是阶级斗争的历史;这个历史包括一系列发展阶段,已经达到这样一个阶段,即无产阶级如果不同时使整个社会摆脱任何剥削、压迫以及阶级划分和阶级斗争,就不能使自己从资产阶级的剥削统治下解放出来。

在《共产党宣言》中,马克思和恩格斯系统、集中地阐述了他们的观点:“消灭私有制”,“推翻资产阶级的统治,由无产阶级夺取政权”,然后“一步一步地夺取资产阶级的全部资本,把一切生产工具集中在国家即组织成为统治阶级的无产阶级手里,并且尽可能快地增加生产力的总量”;而且,“共产党人不屑隐瞒自己的观点和意图。他们公开宣布:他们的目的只有用暴力推翻全部现存的资本主义制度才能达到。”

The Communist Manifesto (officially Manifesto of the Communist Party) is an 1848 political manifesto by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels that laid out the programme of the Communist League. Originally published in German (as Manifest der kommunistischen Partei) just as the revolutions of 1848 began to erupt, the Manifesto has since been recognized as one of the world's most influential political manuscripts. It presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and present) and the problems of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production, rather than a prediction of communism's potential future forms.

The Communist Manifesto contains Marx and Engels' theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles". It also briefly features their ideas for how the capitalist society of the time would eventually be replaced by socialism, and then finally communism.

卡尔·马克思(Karl Marx,1818-1883)生于德国特利尔城,是德国最著名的哲学家、经济学家,马克思主义的创始人,以及《资本论》和《共产党宣言》的作者。在1857年至1858年的近一年的时间内,马克思创作了《政治经济学批判大纲》(即《资本论》的第一稿),第一次提出了剩余价值理论这一人类历史上的伟大发现。1867年9月14日,《资本论》第一卷在汉堡问世,在西方引发了一场强烈的轰动。《资本论》的第二卷和第三卷由于马克思的过早逝世而未能最终完成,后经恩格斯整理和增补,分别在1885年和1894年出版。《资本论》具有划时代的意义,标志着马克思主义政治经济学科学体系的创立。

弗里德里希·恩格斯(Friedrich Engels,1820—1895),马克思主义的创始人之一,马克思的亲密战友,全世界无产阶级和劳动人民的伟大领袖和导师。1820年11月28日诞生于德国莱茵省巴门市(现为乌培塔尔市)。恩格斯本打算中学毕业后升入大学,但父亲一心想使长子继承父业,1837年,离中学毕业还有一年,他就到父亲的营业所学习经商。一年后去不来梅一家商行当办事员。在这里有机会接触各种进步思想,他开始拿起笔作武器,站在革命民主主义立场向封建专制制度和宗教蒙昧主义开战。1841年9月,恩格斯去柏林服兵役。他利用空闲时间去柏林大学听课,认真地研究哲学,特别是黑格尔哲学,参加青年黑格尔派。这时费尔巴哈的《基督教的本质》出版,它对恩格斯的思想起了解放作用,帮助他开始从唯心主义转向唯物主义。

Karl Marx(5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He is one of the founders of sociology and social science. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894).

Friedrich Engels ( 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German social scientist, author, political theorist, philosopher, and father of Marxist theory, together with Karl Marx. In 1845 he published The Condition of the Working Class in England, based on personal observations and research in Manchester.

  • MANIFESTO OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY
  • I. BOURGEOIS AND PROLETARIANS
  • II. PROLETARIANS AND COMMUNISTS
  • III. SOCIALIST AND COMMUNIST LITERATURE
  • IV. POSITION OF THE COMMUNISTS IN RELATION TO THE VARIOUS EXISTING OPPOSITION PARTIES
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