约翰·英格菲尔德的感恩节
John Inglefield's Thanksgiving

  • 作   者:

    纳撒尼尔·霍桑
    Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • 译   者:

    北京外国语大学 万锋

  • 出版社:

    外语教学与研究出版社
    Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

  • 语   言:

    双语

  • 电子书:¥2.90
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霍桑是心理小说的开创者,擅长剖析人的“内心”。他着重探讨道德和罪恶的问题,主张通过善行和自忏来洗刷罪恶、净化心灵,从而得到拯救。然而霍桑并非全写黑暗,他在揭露社会罪恶和人的劣根性的同时,对许多善良的主人公寄予极大的同情。

When the devil is on your doorstep, however, thanks takes on a different timbre. The American most consistently preoccupied with thoughts of Satan was probably Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hawthorne never trusted in the good times. He saw the devil lurking in every moment of pleasure, waiting for the chance to pounce on the unsuspecting reveler when his guard was down. Hawthorne's story, "John Inglefield's Thanksgiving," is appropriately evil-obsessed. Utterly bleak, it is a difficult fit in the traditional American story of goods asked for, goods delivered, thanks given.

本篇讲述了英格菲尔德一家过感恩节时离家的女儿普鲁登斯回家探望的场景,面对慈爱的父亲、纯洁的妹妹、虔诚的哥哥、昔日的恋人以及家中母亲去世的变故,普鲁登斯表现出了深深的眷恋,但最后还是投入黑暗中,回到了她远在大都市的灯红酒绿的舞台。一家人的背景、性格以及之前发生的故事都通过这一幕得到了意味深长的展现。通过对这个生活片段的描写,霍桑探讨了他一贯关注的关于罪恶堕落与救赎的主题,激发了读者对人性的思考。

纳撒尼尔•霍桑(1804年7月4日—1864年5月19日)。19世纪前半期美国最伟大的小说家。 美国心理分析小说的第一人,因深受家庭和清教徒思想的影响在其作品中更多地反映人心深处的恶。其代表作品有:短篇小说集《古宅青苔》、《重讲一遍的故事》等,长篇小说《红字》、《带七个尖顶的阁楼》、《福谷传奇》、《玉石人像》等。这些都是世界文学史上不可多得的经典名著。其代表作品《红字》已成为世界文学的经典之一。

Nathaniel Hawthorne (born Nathaniel Hathorne; July 4, 1804—May 19, 1864) was an American novelist and short story writer. Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral allegories with a Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic Movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his friend Franklin Pierce. His short story collections include Twice-Told Tales and Mosses from an Old Manse. His novels include The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables. The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. It has become one of the classics in the world's literature.

也许早上,他们会以另一种眼光看待她,但在这个感恩节夜晚的炉火边,他们只觉得普鲁登斯终于回到了他们身边,并对此感到欣慰。随着约翰·英格尔菲尔德的内心变得温暖而愉快,他心灵的愉悦之光使他那粗糙的脸庞也容光焕发起来;有那么一两次,他放声大笑,甚至房间里都有回响,连他本人都好像被自己欢笑的回声吓了一跳。

In the morning, perhaps, they might have looked at her with altered eyes, but by the Thanksgiving fireside they felt only that their own Prudence had come back to them, and were thankful.John Inglefleld’s rough visage brightened with the glow of his heart, as it grew warm and merry within him; once or twice, even, he laughed till the room rang again, yet seemed startled by the echo of his own mirth.

霍桑是心理小说的开创者,擅长剖析人的“内心”。他着重探讨道德和罪恶的问题,主张通过善行和自忏来洗刷罪恶、净化心灵,从而得到拯救。然而霍桑并非全写黑暗,他在揭露社会罪恶和人的劣根性的同时,对许多善良的主人公寄予极大的同情。

霍桑描写黑暗的巨大力量,是由于受到加尔文派教义关于与生俱来的堕落与原罪思想的影响。没有一位思想深邃的人能完全摆脱这种思想所发生的各种形式的影响。——梅尔维尔

霍桑的小说“属于艺术的最高层次,一种服从于非常崇高级别的天才的艺术。”——爱伦·坡

Nathaniel Hawthorne's reputation as a writer is a very pleasing fact, because his writing is not good for anything, and this is a tribute to the man.—Ralph Waldo Emerson

The fine thing in Hawthorne is that he cared for the deeper psychology, and that, in his way, he tried to become familiar with it.—Henry James

The style of Hawthorne is purity itself. His tone is singularly effective—wild, plaintive, thoughtful, and in full accordance with his themes... We look upon him as one of the few men of indisputable genius to whom our country has as yet given birth.—Edgar Allan Poe

  • 约翰·英格尔菲尔德的感恩节
  • John Inglefield' s Thanksgiving
  • “感恩节”之感

    这篇小说以普鲁登斯的回归这一喜剧性事件作为开头,以普鲁登斯的离去这一悲剧性事件作为结尾,不管怎么说,这个小说的开篇还是比较吸引我的,一个对感恩节夜晚场景的描写。本以为小说的主线将会是以普鲁登斯的回归这一令人兴奋的消息作文主线贯穿始终,并营造一派温馨祥和的感恩节景象,却不料在小说的中间部分,普鲁登斯突然“改变主意”,……展开↓

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